Sammy Davis Jr (December 8th, 1925 - May 16th, 1990) was an American singer, dancer, and actor. He became internationally famous as the only black member of Frank Sinatra's "Rat Pack". Davis began his career in show business at the age of three, touring nationally with his father and "uncle" as the Will Mastin Trio. After military service, he returned to the trio, only to be catapulted to prominence with a well-received performance at Circo's nightclub after the 1951 Academy Awards. After starring in several movies and having hit records in the 50s and early 60s, his career slowed, but was revitalised with the success of "The Candy Man" in 1972. As an African-American and Hispanic, Sammy Davis Jr was the victim of racism throughout his life, and this led him to becoming a big supporter of civil rights causes and activism. Sammy Davis Jr died of throat cancer in 1990.